Method Statement : Installation of Gabion Baskets

This document was created with the help of A.I. It should not be used until it has been thoroughly reviewed by a competent person.

Click to Print
Company name:
Project title:
Contract No:
Reviewed by:


  • Gabion Baskets: Wire mesh containers made from galvanized steel or other suitable materials, used for constructing erosion control structures, retaining walls, and other applications.
  • Fill Material: Rocks, stones, or other suitable materials used to fill the gabion baskets.
  • Excavator: Heavy machinery equipment used for lifting, maneuvering, and placing large quantities of fill material into the gabion baskets.
  • Stability: The ability of the gabion structure to resist forces that may cause it to collapse or fail.
  • Uniformity: The consistent distribution and arrangement of fill material within the gabion baskets to ensure structural integrity and stability.
  • Integrity: The overall condition and strength of the gabion baskets, ensuring that they are free from damages or defects that may compromise their performance.
  • Erosion Control: The preventive measures and techniques employed to protect the soil from erosion caused by water, wind, or other environmental factors.
  • Retaining Walls: Structures designed to hold back soil or other materials and prevent them from sliding or eroding.
  • Meticulous Preparation: The careful planning and organization of resources, tools, and materials required for the installation of gabion baskets.
  • Execution: The systematic and precise implementation of the installation process, following established guidelines and safety protocols.
  • Including these definitions in your SOP will help ensure that all workers involved in the installation of gabion baskets have a clear understanding of the key terminology and concepts related to their tasks.


  • Installer: Responsible for the safe and correct installation of gabion baskets according to the project specifications and guidelines.
  • Supervisor: Responsible for overseeing the installation process, ensuring compliance with health and safety regulations, and providing guidance and support to the installers.
  • Health and Safety Officer: Responsible for conducting regular risk assessments, implementing safety measures, and ensuring that all workers are aware of and follow proper safety procedures.
  • Machine Operator (if applicable): Responsible for safely operating the excavator or any other machinery involved in the filling process of gabion baskets.
  • Quality Control Inspector: Responsible for inspecting the gabion baskets, checking for any defects or damage, and ensuring that they meet the required standards before installation.
  • Site Manager: Responsible for overall project management, coordination of resources, and communication between different stakeholders involved in the installation of gabion baskets.
  • Materials Handler: Responsible for safely transporting and handling the gabion baskets and other related materials, ensuring they are in good condition for installation.
  • Site Surveyor: Responsible for assessing the site conditions, taking accurate measurements, and providing guidance on the suitable placement and alignment of the gabion baskets.
  • Maintenance Technician: Responsible for periodic inspection and maintenance of the gabion baskets after installation to ensure their long-term durability and stability.


  • Wire cutters – for cutting and shaping the wire mesh.
  • Pliers – for securely fastening the wire connections.
  • Tensioning tool – for tightening and securing the wire mesh.
  • Shovel – for leveling the ground and moving fill material.
  • Wheelbarrow – for transporting rocks or other fill materials.
  • Tape measure – for precise measurements and alignment.
  • Spirit level – for ensuring the baskets are installed horizontally and vertically.
  • Hammer – for driving in stakes or anchors to secure the baskets.
  • Excavator (optional) – for expedited filling of the gabion baskets.
  • Hard hat – to protect against head injuries from falling debris.
  • Safety boots – with steel toe caps to protect feet from potential hazards.
  • High-visibility vest or clothing – to ensure visibility and maintain safety on site.
  • Gloves – to protect hands from sharp edges and minimize cuts.
  • Safety glasses or goggles – to protect eyes from flying debris or particles.
  • Dust mask – to protect against inhaling dust or harmful particles during the filling process.
  • Ear protection – especially when using an excavator or working in noisy environments.
  • It is crucial for all workers to wear the appropriate PPE at all times to minimize the risk of injury during the installation process. Additionally, regular inspection and maintenance of tools and equipment should be conducted to ensure they are in good working condition.

Risk Assessment

  • Trips and falls
  • Manual handling injuries
  • Struck by falling objects
  • Musculoskeletal disorders
  • Hand injuries
  • Crush injuries
  • Electrocution
  • Inadequate personal protective equipment (PPE)
  • Equipment malfunctions
  • Hazardous materials and substances
  • Overexertion
  • Working at heights
  • Inadequate training and supervision
  • Environmental hazards (e.g., extreme weather conditions)
  • Noise exposure


  • Site Assessment: Conduct a thorough site assessment to identify any potential hazards or obstacles that may affect the installation process. This includes assessing the terrain, ground conditions, access points, and nearby utilities.
  • Obtain Necessary Permissions: Ensure that all necessary permissions, permits, and authorizations have been obtained from relevant authorities before starting the installation. This may involve obtaining planning permission, notifying local utility companies, and adhering to any environmental regulations.
  • Identify Safety Focal Points: Identify key safety focal points such as emergency assembly points, first aid facilities, and contact details for emergency services. Ensure that all workers are aware of these locations and protocols.
  • Training and Competency: Ensure that all workers involved in the installation process are trained and competent in the specific tasks they will be carrying out. This includes training on the proper assembly and filling of gabion baskets, as well as any required operation of machinery or equipment.
  • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE): Provide all workers with appropriate personal protective equipment for the task, including safety helmets, high visibility vests, protective gloves, and safety boots. Ensure that they are trained in the correct use and maintenance of their PPE.
  • Equipment Inspection: Inspect all tools, equipment, and machinery to ensure they are in good working order. Any equipment found to be faulty or damaged should be repaired or replaced before use.
  • Clear Workspace: Clear the workspace of any debris, obstacles, or potential trip hazards. If necessary, consider demarcating a safe working area using barriers or cones to prevent accidental entry of unauthorized individuals.
  • Communication: Establish clear lines of communication among all workers involved in the installation process. This may include the use of radios or other communication devices to ensure constant contact and coordination.
  • Weather Conditions: Monitor weather conditions and ensure that installation is only carried out in suitable weather conditions. Extreme weather such as high winds, heavy rain, or lightning storms can pose significant risks during installation.
  • Review and Refine Risk Assessment: Review the risk assessment for the project regularly and make necessary adjustments based on changing conditions or new hazards identified. Ensure that all workers are familiar with the risk assessment and understand their responsibilities to mitigate identified risks.
  • By completing these actions before carrying out the installation of gabion baskets, you can help ensure the safety and efficiency of the process.


  • Step 1: Gather the necessary equipment and personal protective equipment (PPE)
  • Before starting the installation process, ensure that all required equipment is on-site and in good working condition. This includes gabion baskets, wire mesh rolls, wire ties, a sledgehammer or mallet, a tape measure, and appropriate fill material (e.g., rocks or gravel).
  • All workers involved in the installation should be equipped with the necessary PPE, including safety glasses, steel-toed boots, gloves, and high-visibility clothing.
  • Step 2: Unfold and assemble the gabion baskets
  • Lay out the gabion baskets in the desired location following the project’s specifications and required layout. Ensure that the ground is level and stable to provide a solid foundation for the baskets.
  • Unfold the wire mesh containers, being cautious of any sharp edges or protruding wires. Carefully inspect the baskets for any damage or defects before proceeding.
  • Start assembling the gabion baskets by connecting the adjacent sides. Use wire ties or clips to secure each panel together, ensuring a tight and secure fit. Be cautious of protruding wires during this process to prevent injuries.
  • Step 3: Secure the gabion baskets together to form a stable structure
  • Once the gabion baskets are assembled, position them in the desired location, ensuring they are properly aligned and leveled. This step is crucial for the baskets’ stability and overall effectiveness.
  • Use wire ties or clips to securely connect the adjacent gabion baskets together. Place the ties at regular intervals along the top, bottom, and sides of the baskets, ensuring they are tight and properly fastened.
  • Consider using additional reinforcements, such as steel rods or stakes, to enhance the stability and resistance to movement or shifting.
  • Step 4: Fill the gabion baskets with fill material
  • Fill the gabion baskets with the predetermined fill material, such as rocks or gravel. This can be done manually or using machinery like an excavator for larger projects.
  • If filling manually, start from one end of the basket and carefully place the rocks or other materials into the container. Ensure that the fill material is uniformly distributed to promote stability and prevent any voids or weak spots.
  • If using an excavator, carefully position the bucket over the gabion basket and slowly release the fill material from above. Avoid dropping the material from a height that could damage the baskets or cause the material to disperse unevenly.
  • Pay attention to weight distribution while filling to prevent overloading or putting excessive stress on the gabion baskets. Follow the project’s specifications for the appropriate amount of fill material to be used.
  • Step 5: Compact and level the fill material
  • Once the gabion baskets are filled, use a sledgehammer or mallet to gently tap the sides and top of the baskets to ensure proper settlement and compaction of the fill material.
  • Pay attention to any bulges or unevenness in the baskets and adjust the fill material as needed until the surface is level and smooth.
  • Periodically check the stability and integrity of the gabion structure during the filling process and make any necessary adjustments to maintain its strength and durability.
  • Note: The above steps assume the gabion baskets are being installed on a stable and level surface. Any additional steps or precautions required for specific site conditions or applications should be identified and followed accordingly.


  • Conduct a thorough inspection: Inspect the installed gabion baskets to ensure they are securely in place and aligned properly. Check for any signs of damage or misalignment that may compromise the integrity of the structure.
  • Clear the workspace: Remove any tools, equipment, or debris from the work area to reduce the risk of trips, falls, or other accidents. Ensure that the area is left clean and tidy.
  • Secure the site: Erect barriers or warning signs around the installed gabion baskets to alert personnel and prevent accidental damage or entry. This is particularly important if the site is open to public access or if other construction work is ongoing nearby.
  • Document and report any issues: If any problems or defects are identified during the inspection, document them and report them to the relevant supervisor or project manager. Prompt action should be taken to address and rectify any issues to ensure the structure’s stability and safety.
  • Conduct regular maintenance checks: Establish a schedule for regular maintenance checks of the gabion baskets to identify any signs of wear, damage, or erosion over time. This will help to ensure the ongoing stability and effectiveness of the structure.
  • Monitor and mitigate erosion: Keep an eye on the surrounding area for any signs of erosion that may require further reinforcement or maintenance. Implement appropriate erosion control measures to prevent any potential damage to the installed gabion baskets.
  • Provide training and information: Ensure that all workers involved in the installation of gabion baskets receive appropriate training on safety procedures and guidelines. This should include information on potential hazards, proper handling of equipment, and safe work practices.
  • Update risk assessments and method statements: Regularly review and update risk assessments and method statements to reflect any changes in the installation process or site conditions. This will help to ensure that all potential risks are adequately identified and mitigated.
  • By following these actions, you can help to ensure the long-term safety and effectiveness of the installed gabion baskets. Remember, regular inspection, maintenance, and proactive risk management are key to achieving a successful and safe installation.


  • Regular Cleaning: Regularly clean the equipment, including the excavator, buckets, and any other tools used during the installation process. Remove any dirt, debris, or build-up from the equipment to prevent damage and ensure optimal performance.
  • Inspection: Conduct routine inspections of the equipment to identify any signs of wear, damage, or malfunction. Check for loose or damaged parts, leaks, and any other potential issues that could affect the safe operation of the equipment.
  • Lubrication: Apply appropriate lubricants as per the equipment manufacturer’s guidelines to ensure smooth functioning of moving parts. Regularly check and top up grease or oil levels as required.
  • Test Run: Before each use, perform a test run of the equipment to ensure that it is in proper working condition. Pay attention to any unusual noises or vibrations that may indicate a problem.
  • Operator Training: Ensure that operators are properly trained and competent on the specific equipment being used for gabion basket installation. This includes understanding the equipment’s functions, controls, and safe operating procedures. Provide refresher training as needed.
  • Storage: Store the equipment in a clean, dry, and secure area when not in use. Protect it from harsh weather conditions and potential damage from other equipment or objects. Follow any manufacturer’s instructions for proper storage.
  • Emergency Procedures: Train operators on emergency procedures, including how to safely shut down the equipment in case of an emergency or malfunction. Ensure they are aware of emergency contact numbers and have access to first aid equipment.
  • Maintenance Schedule: Develop a maintenance schedule outlining regular tasks and intervals for each piece of equipment. Assign responsible individuals or teams for completing these tasks and ensure that they are documented and tracked.
  • Repair and Replacement: Promptly address any identified issues or damage. Arrange for repairs or replacement of faulty or damaged parts as soon as possible to prevent further problems or risks during future operations.
  • Record-Keeping: Maintain a record of all maintenance activities, inspections, repairs, and training provided. This documentation helps track maintenance history, identifies trends, and provides evidence of compliance with health and safety regulations.
  • Remember, it is important to reference the manufacturer’s guidelines and safety recommendations specific to your equipment when developing maintenance procedures. Regular maintenance and inspections will help ensure the equipment’s safe and efficient operation throughout the gabion basket installation process.

Emergency Procedures

  • Stay calm: Maintain a calm and composed demeanor to prevent panic among workers. Clear and concise communication is essential during emergencies.
  • Evacuation plan: Develop a detailed evacuation plan specific to the installation site. Identify the nearest and safest evacuation routes and assembly points, ensuring they are well-marked and easily accessible.
  • Alarm system: Install a reliable alarm system that can be activated in case of an emergency. Ensure that all workers are familiar with the sound and meaning of the alarm.
  • Emergency contact information: Display prominently a list of emergency contact numbers, including local emergency services, medical facilities, and site supervisors. Ensure workers know how to call for help in case of an emergency.
  • First aid: Train designated workers in first aid and make sure that first aid kits are readily available at the installation site. Regularly check and restock the kits to ensure they are fully equipped to handle various situations.
  • Communication: Establish an effective communication system among workers and supervisors. This can include hand-held radios, mobile phones, or other means of communication to quickly relay information during emergencies.
  • Training: Provide comprehensive training to workers on emergency procedures, including specific protocols for each potential emergency scenario. Conduct regular emergency drills to familiarize workers with the evacuation process.
  • Hazard identification: Conduct a thorough risk assessment of the installation site to identify potential hazards and take steps to mitigate them. This includes addressing electrical hazards, unstable ground conditions, and potential falling objects.
  • Personal protective equipment (PPE): Ensure that all workers are provided with appropriate PPE, such as hard hats, gloves, safety glasses, and high-visibility vests. Emphasize the importance of wearing and properly maintaining PPE to prevent injury.
  • Incident reporting: Establish a system for reporting and documenting all incidents, near misses, and accidents. This will help identify areas of improvement and prevent future emergencies.
  • Remember to regularly review and update the emergency plan based on lessons learned from previous incidents and new safety regulations. Additionally, appoint a competent and trained individual to oversee the implementation of the emergency procedures and to coordinate with emergency services if necessary.

Induction Record

Method Statement : Installation of Gabion Baskets