The Law and Legal Requirement for Risk Assessment;

Legal requirement starts in the Health and Safety at Work etc. Act (1974).

Where, employers must, so far as is reasonably practicable:
• Provide safe plant and systems of work
• Ensure the safe arrangements for the use, handling, storage and transport of articles and substances
• Maintain a safe place of work
• Provide a safe entrance to work and exit from work
• Provide a safe environment, without risk to health, including the provision of adequate facilities and arrangements for employees’ welfare while at work
• Provide health surveillance where necessary
• Protect vulnerable groups – children, vulnerable adults, disabled people and pregnant women
• Consult with employees on health and safety matters
There is also a requirement to provide instruction, training, information and supervision.

All the above require an Assessment of the Risk;

We should also remember that Employees’ have responsibilities as well;

Employees have a duty to take reasonable care of their own health and safety and of those around them and;
• Co-operate with their employer
• Not interfere with or misuse anything provided to secure the health, safety or welfare of the workforce
• Use equipment, etc. in accordance with the training/instruction provided
• Report any broken, worn out or missing health and safety provision to their supervisor

The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations.

Regulation 3 Risk assessment;
1. Every employer shall make a suitable and sufficient assessment of-
A. The risks to the health and safety of his employees to which they are exposed whilst they are at work; and,
B. The risks to the health and safety of persons not in his employment arising out of or in connection with the conduct by him of his undertaking,

Most other Regulations further enhance the requirement for Risk Assessment; examples are, but not restricted to; Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations, Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations, Work at Height, etc.